World peace: are we there yet?

Tamar Shulsinger

Before the 20th century, countries usually only dealt with issues using war. War was extremely common with at least two or three major history-changing wars happening every 100 years. This changed when countries grew tired of fighting global wars. The United Nations was formed in a goal to maintain peace and security across the world. Initially, it only started off with 51 countries, but now that almost every country has joined, how many diplomatic issues still exist?

For the most part, we are living the most peaceful time in human history in regards to war, but unfortunately, that doesn’t mean the world is at peace. Russia and Ukraine have been in conflict ever since March of 2014, after the Russian annexation of Crimea. Russia has been funding Ukrainian separatists who want to rejoin Russia. In the Middle East, the Turkish and Syrian conflicts have been happening since 2012, ever since the Syrian Civil War. Because of the border skirmishes, direct military intervention, the self-annexation of the Hatay Province from Afghanistan to Turkey, water shortages, and Syria supporting the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), it is doubtful that we will have peace there anytime soon.

Trading has never been more important until now. As you look around, the majority of things in your home could be made from another country, from your phone being made in China to your parents’ car being made in Germany. It is cheaper for a country and company to import goods from another country than to make it themselves. It generates money for all people involved, but it has drawbacks. Importing goods takes away potentially hundreds of jobs that a country’s citizens could have if they didn’t import, but this can cause a trade war that starts from protectionism in which states raise or create tariffs or other trade barriers against each other in response to trade barriers created by the other party. Currently, there is one that has been going on for the last three years between China and the U.S. It has hurt both countries’ economies and has made things more expensive for the people back at home.

This may seem like all doom and gloom, but thankfully, the world seems to be more open with talking to each other rather than fighting wars. Peace is on the rise as diplomacy proves itself to be useful.

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